ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for RDBMS instance

Question: I am getting ORA-32004 error while starting the database but all the parameters in spfile are fine. This issue came after upgrade the database from 10g to 11.2.0.4.0

SQL> startup

ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for RDBMS instance


How to fix the ORA-32004 error?


Cause: ORA-32004 causes because one or more obsolete parameters were specified in the SPFILE. These depreciated parameters are still in use by spfile.

Action: See alert log for a list of parameters that are obsolete or deprecated. Remove it from the SPFILE.

You must check alert log to see the names of the parameters that are obsolete.


You can also find the obsolete parameters with this SQL*Plus query:
select name from v$obsolete_parameter where isspecified='TRUE';
                                           OR
select p.name,p.value
from v$parameter p, v$spparameter s
where s.name=p.name
and p.isdeprecated='TRUE'
and s.isspecified='TRUE';

Once found, you must remove it from the spfile or pfile.  You can use alter system command to remove it from spfile.

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[A-Z] VI Editor Commands for Editing Files in Linux

For operating systems like Solaris and Linux, you must know some of the basic vi editor commands for the smooth and frequent editing of files. These commands are frequently used in searching patterns within a file, moving arrows up, down, left and right, deleting characters/lines, inserting text etc.

vi editor commands in Linux


vi Editor Commands




Editing and Saving Files


        To create a new file: vi filename
        To exit vi and save changes: [esc][colon] ZZ or wq like Press esc then :wq
        To exit vi without saving changes: :q!
        To saves the current file without quitting: :w
        To enter vi command mode: [esc]
        To enter vi insert mode: Press i



Moving Cursor Within a file


h       move left (backspace)

j       move down

k       move up

l       move right (spacebar)

[return]   move to the beginning of the next line

$       last column on the current line

0       move cursor to the first column on the
current line

^       move cursor to first nonblank column on the
current line

w       move to the beginning of the next word or
punctuation mark

W       move past the next space

b       move to the beginning of the previous word
or punctuation mark

B       move to the beginning of the previous word,
ignores punctuation

        e       end of next word or punctuation mark

        E       end of next word, ignoring punctuation

        H       move cursor to the top of the screen

        M       move cursor to the middle of the screen

        L       move cursor to the bottom of the screen



 Finding Patterns in a File

?       finds a word going backwards

/       finds a word going forwards

        f       finds a character on the line under the
cursor going forward

        F       finds a character on the line under the
cursor going backwards

        t       find a character on the current line going
forward and stop one character before it

T       find a character on the current line going
backward and stop one character before it

; repeat last f, F, t, T



Screen Movement

       G        move to the last line in the file

       xG       move to line x

       z+       move current line to top of screen

       z        move current line to the middle of screen

       z-       move current line to the bottom of screen

       ^F       move forward one screen

       ^B       move backward one line

       ^D       move forward one half screen

       ^U       move backward one half screen

       ^R       redraw screen
( does not work with VT100 type terminals )

       ^L       redraw screen
( does not work with Televideo terminals )

:# move to line #

:$ move to last line of file



Inserting character in a File

       r        replace character under cursor with next
character typed

       R        keep replacing character until [esc] is hit

       i        insert before cursor

       a        append after cursor

       A        append at end of line

       O        open line above cursor and enter append mode



Deleting words and characters within a file

x       delete character under cursor

dd      delete line under cursor

        dw      delete word under cursor

        db      delete word before cursor



Useful Miscellaneous Commands

. repeat last command

u undoes last command issued

U undoes all commands on one line

xp deletes first character and inserts after
second (swap)

J join current line with the next line

^G display current line number

% if at one parenthesis, will jump to its mate

mx mark current line with character x

'x find line marked with character x

NOTE: Marks are internal and not written to the file.

        yy      (yank)'copies' line which may then be put by
the p(put) command. Precede with a count for
multiple lines.



Put Command
        brings back previous deletion or yank of lines,
words, or characters

        P       bring back before cursor

        p       bring back after cursor



Reading Files
copies (reads) filename after cursor in file
currently editing

:r filename



Shell Escape
executes 'cmd' as a shell command.

:!'cmd'

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5 Steps to Move Control File from File System to ASM Disk

Moving Control File to ASM



Moving controlfile from filesystem to ASM disk using RMAN in RAC.


You can migrate controlfile from file system to asm disk or to different diskgroup in ASM. For that you have to stop the database and startup in nomount state.


STEP 1: Stop the Database and startup in nomount state
SQL> shutdown immediate;
SQL> startup nomount;


STEP 2:Connect the target database using RMAN
$ rman
RMAN>connect target /
RMAN>restore controlfile to '<DISKGROUP_NAME>' from '<OLD_PATH>';
RMAN> restore controlfile to '+DATA' from '/oradatao1/test11/oradata/san/control01.ctl';

You can also multiplex controlfile to FRA like:
RMAN> restore controlfile to '+FRA' from '/oradatao1/test11/oradata/san/control01.ctl';


STEP 3: Show Location Of New Control Files
ASMCMD> find -t controlfile . *
+DATA/DG/CONTROLFILE/current.321.780791421
+FRA/DG/CONTROLFILE/current.368.870851527


STEP 4: On the database side:
 Modify init.ora or spfile, replacing the new path to the init parameter control_files.
 if using init<SID>.ora, just modify the control_files parameter and restart the database.
 If using spfile, Change Parameter for new locations.
alter system set control_files='+DATA/DG/CONTROLFILE/current.321.780791421','+FRA/DG/CONTROLFILE/current.368.870851527' scope=spfile;


STEP 5: Shutdown the database and open for use
SQL>shutdown immediate
SQL> alter database open;


Verify that new control file has been recognized. If the new controlfile was not used, the complete procedure needs to be repeated.

If you do not use ASM and If you want to new control file in file system, you can copy – paste controlfile to clone after stop database. And you have to change control_files parameter when database is nomount mode or stop.

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